Thanks for your question concerning the star associated with Jesus' birth.
Our church believes that the Bible is totally trustworthy in all matters. Modern science cannot explain everything, frequently changes its consensus, and often steers people toward tragic ends. True science admits its limitations.
Keep in mind that "with God nothing will be impossible." (Luke 1:37) God is not subject to the laws of nature that he himself established. God is transcendent and stands apart from the creation. It should not surprise us that from time to time he will interrupt or overrule in order to accomplish his purposes.
According to the Bible's creation account, God placed "lights," the moon, the planets and the stars, in the heavens (Gen. 1:1-19). Although their conclusions were often superstitious, ancient astrologers proved amazingly accurate in their mathematical calculations concerning the movements of planets and stars. This sort of study was one way of "following a star." When an unusual light appeared, students of the heavens were quick to note it and wonder if it portended something of great importance.
Modern astronomers have speculated that the "wise men" mentioned by Matthew saw a conjunction of planets or some sort of exploding star. While one of these explanations cannot be completely ruled out, it seems more in keeping with God's special activity that the Lord created a unique "star." He who created the original stars would have no trouble creating a new one. The Bible gives no explanation as to the star's physical characteristics.
So God created an "event" in the heavens that would direct the wise men westward to Palestine. No one is sure exactly how the wise men made the connection, but the "Magi" (highly trained nobility) concluded that a great King of the Jews had been born. This was the conclusion God wanted them to reach.
Generally the Jews avoided astrology, being convinced that God, not the stars, controlled the destinies of men and nations. If the star was visible to them, they probably took it only as a curiosity. King Herod likely had little awareness of the star until the wise men showed up in Jerusalem asking to see the newborn King. Once he was aware of the Magi's quest, Herod left star-following to the "experts."
As to how the Magi physically followed the star, we can only speculate. Obviously, they decided to make Jerusalem, the capital city of the Jews, their destination. The narrative seems to suggest that once on their way, they did not see the star for some time. Given Herod's two-year time frame for murdering the infants of Bethlehem and the travel time from Mesopotamia, many months may have passed between the first and last sightings. When the star did reappear (Matt. 2:9-10), "they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy."
But how did the star pinpoint the house in which Jesus was then living? Again speculating, one would think the star was low on the horizon. Having been told to take the road to Bethlehem (Matt. 2:8), the wise men might well have viewed the star as sitting atop a certain building silhouetted against the evening sky. Alternatively, the light from the star might have fallen in a miraculous fashion upon the house. In the case of the shepherds in Luke 2:9, "the glory of the Lord shone around them." Something similar may have occurred with respect to the star and the house.
The primary reason for the unusual happenings surrounding the birth of Jesus is the need to emphasize the supernatural character of the event. God himself came to live among us and satisfy divine justice with respect to our sins. He came to conquer death and grant everlasting life to people who believe in him and accept his plan of salvation in Jesus.
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