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Question and Answer

Difference between the OPC and the Church of Christ


What is the difference between the OPC and the Church of Christ? I was baptized in the Church of Christ, but since then I have been attending a Presbyterian church.


I must admit, it is a bit difficult to compare such very different denominations in a short note. Part of the challenge is in identifying the exact branch of the Church of Christ (COC) with which you are familiar. You may need to help me with that. The COC, as I understand it, does not consider itself a denomination in the proper sense of the term. In fact, if you try to search it on the web, you get led to the page of many different churches that use similar names. I am familiar with the COC in the south where I live, but I want to make sure that this is what you are referring to. I found one evangelical website that actually did a good job of discussing the history and distinguishing theology of the COC. It also addressed and refuted three significant errors in the COC which relate to baptism for salvation, music, and the work of the Holy Spirit.

If you want to know what the OPC says on these particular issues, please go to our Confession of Faith and read over those sections that deal with effectual calling, justification, baptism, and religious worship. Perhaps the best way I can serve you is to encourage you to read those. Then tell me if we are looking at the same "Church of Christ" and, if so, what particular points of their theology and ours do you have questions about? The differences between us and them are many, but reading over our Confession of Faith may get you going down the right road.

About Q&A

"Questions and Answers" is a weekly feature of the OPC website. The answers come from individual ministers in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church expressing their own convictions and do not necessarily represent an "official" position of the Church, especially in areas where the Standards of the Church (the Scriptures and the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms) are silent.

The questions come from individuals like yourself. If you have questions about biblical and theological matters, you are invited to send them by e-mail by using the "Pose a Question" link on the OPC home page or by clicking here.

At least one new question is posted each week, so there should always be something new here for you to read. (For those people who would like to look at previous questions and answers, they will continue to be available as well.)

The purpose of the OPC website's "Questions and Answers" is to respond to biblical and theological questions. Matters of church discipline, disputes, or debates go beyond the scope of our work. We recommend that you present your concerns in these areas to the appropriate judicatory. In most cases this will be to a local pastor, elder, or session. We do not want the website to replace personal involvement in, or commitment to, the local, visible church.

While we will respond to every serious questioner, we are not bound to give a substantive answer to every question, should we deem the question to be beyond the scope of our purpose or our own ability to answer.

You will receive an answer by e-mail. Please be patient as many of our respondents are busy pastors. The response to your question may take up to two (2) weeks. Some of the questions submitted will be chosen to be posted here, along with the corresponding answers.

Note that the "Questions and Answers" posted on the site have been edited—all personal references are removed, Scripture references or from some source may be added, and sometimes portions are expanded—to make the questions and answers more useful to a larger audience.

© 2019 The Orthodox Presbyterian Church



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